Kutana documentation



We apologize in advance for errors and omissions in this documentation. If you can help improve the documentation correctness, we will be very grateful.


Kutana is an engine for developing bots for social networks, messengers and other services. Kutana heavily uses asyncio and coroutines. It supports different backends (like vk.com, telegram.org etc.).

Refer to example folder for the showcase of the library abilities.


You can use kutana from CLI or from your python code. The CLI variant is preferable, because it does many things you expect without excessive boilerplace.

From CLI

python3 -m kutana --config example/config.yml --plugins example/plugins

# usage: python3 -m kutana [-h] [--config CONFIG] [--plugins PLUGINS] [--debug]

# Run kutana application instance using provided config.

# optional arguments:
#   -h, --help         show this help message and exit
#   --config CONFIG    file with config in yaml format (default: config.yml
#   --plugins PLUGINS  folder with plugins to load (default: plugins)
#   --debug            set logging level to debug

Example configuration:

prefixes: ['.', '!', '/']
language: ru
- kind: vk
    token: <token-for-vk-here>
- kind: tg
    token: <token-for-tg-here>
- name: default
    kind: sqlite
    path: kutana.sqlite3

From python

Below you can find the most simple run.py file for kutana application, that uses one Vkontakte account and loads plugins from folder plugins/.

from kutana import Kutana, load_plugins
from kutana.backends import Vkontakte

app = Kutana()


Main functionality for your applications are provided by plugins: they can add commands, process and preprocess messages, e.t.c.

Below your can find example of simple plugin echo.py (that should be put into plugins folder).

from kutana import Plugin, t

plugin = Plugin(name=t("Echo"), description=t("Sends your messages back (.echo)"))

async def __(msg, ctx):
    await ctx.reply("{}".format(ctx.body or '(/)'), attachments=msg.attachments, disable_mentions=0)

Handlers for messages receive kutana.update.Message and kutana.context.Context as arguments. You can find description of their methods for these classes in Full API.

You can find descriptions of all possible “on_” methods for adding your callbacks in kutana.plugin.Plugin class.

Order of “on_” methods

Default order of processors:

  • on_messages, on_updates: 9
  • on_payloads (vk): 7
  • on_commands: 6
  • on_attachments: 3
  • on_unprocessed_messages, on_unprocessed_updates: -3
  • Rest: ~0


Interactions with backends are highly unified, because we want you to have no problems creating plugins that will work nicely with multiple backends.

You can manage your attachments throught class kutana.update.Attachment. new attachments can be created using kutana.update.Attachment.new().

Attachments are files that can have types. If type is unique to backends - you still can use them, but you will need to manager their uploads, parsing, e.t.c. on your own.

Existing attachments (that already uploaded for example) can be created using kutana.update.Attachment.existing(). Many backends capable of forwarding raw strings (supported by your service) while sending messages.

Available built-in attachment types:

  • image
  • doc
  • sticker
  • video
  • audio
  • voice

Not every backend can interact well with all the types, so you should be careful. If you have troubling examples - create an issue in the repository and we’ll update documentation!

API Requests

In order to perform a request to your backends, your should use kutana.context.Context.request() method. It accepts method that you want to use and any keyword arguments that should be processable by your backend. You can check what backend context belongs to by accessing it’s backend attribute.


Kutana uses simple format for translations in form of “.yml” files, containing list of objects describing each translated string in following format:

- msgctx: New user's greeting
  msgid: Hello
  msgstr: Привет

When translated string is a subject to pluralization, you must provide list of strings intead of string in field “msgstr”. Currently only pluralization supported for following languages: “ru”, “uk”, “en”.

Support for different languages will be implemented in the future. Currently you add your language into inner classes of kutana.i18n.pluralization.Pluralization.

Translations for strings used in library and plugins are loaded from following places (with corresponding order):

  • Default translations
  • <current-working-directory>/i18n/*.yml
  • <translations-directory>/*.yml
  • <plugins-directory>/i18n/*.yml

Where “translations-directory” is directory specified in CLI arguments of the module. You can use kutana.i18n.load_translations() to load translations from your desired location.

Where “plugins-directory” is any directory that was traversed in search of plugins using CLI interface or “load_plugins” method directly.

“kutana-i18n” command can be used to collect message from sources. If your messages is not detected, create an issue in the repository and we’ll check it out.

API Reference